january in the garden

  • average temperature: High 72; Low 50
  • rainfall: 2.43 inches

1. The phases of the moon in January

  • full moon: January 6
  • Last quarter: January 14
  • new moon: January 21
  • the first season: January 28

2. Moon sign planting date

  • Plant aboveground crops: 1, 2, 5, 6, 24, 25, 28, 29.
  • Planting underground crops: 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21.
  • To control weeds: 3, 4, 22, 23, 30, 31.
  • To trim trees and shrubs: 8, 9, 18, 19, 26, 27.

3. Vegetables: Asparagus, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, kale, radicchio, horseradish, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard, onion sets, peas, potatoes, radicchio, radishes, romaine kale, rutabagas, spinach, swiss chard, and radishes.

4. Flowers: Sweet alyssum, baby’s breath, calendula, California poppy, lilac, candytuft, carnation, delphinium, carnation, dusty miller, foxglove, gaillardia, geranium, godetia, hollyhock, iceland poppy, lobelia, nasturtium, Ornamental cabbage and kale, pansies, petunias, shasta daisies, statice, stock and sweet peas.

Sweet peas are another flower that can be planted in January

5. Herbs: Anise, bay, cardamom, chives, coriander, fennel, garlic, ginger, lavender, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, sweet marjoram, thyme and watercress.

6. Bulb: African iris, Asiatic lily, amaryllis, blood lily, kohlrabi, crinum, daylily, Louisiana iris, society garlic, spider lily, rain lily, refrigerated Dutch iris, tulips, daffodils, and hyacinths for obsession.

7. Rainfall is infrequent or intermittent after stormy season; allow watering to keep lawns moist.

8. Large tan circular spots on your lawn can be caused by brown spot fungus.

9. Lawns affected by brown patches should recover; use a fungicide to prevent further damage.

10. Chinch bug activity found on lawn; treat as needed.

11. Lawns can still grow through the winter; continue watering and mowing as needed.

12. Mow lawn for uniform appearance; do not vary blade height.

13. Feeding time for lawns continues well into late winter.

14. Try re-greening a yellow lawn with iron or a small amount of nutrients if needed.

15. Many warm-season weeds have turned brown; remove and retreat these areas.

16. Fill in bare spots with sod or plugs; delay seeding permanent grasses until spring.

17. Ryegrass can be sown to temporarily re-green a brown lawn or to fill in bare areas.

18. Spot kill stubborn winter weeds with a selective herbicide appropriate for your lawn type.

19. Limit the turf to as much as is needed for family play and enjoyment.

20. Turn off sprinklers before freezing weather.

twenty one. Perform annual maintenance on lawn care equipment.

twenty two. Winter is a great time to add hardy trees, shrubs, and vines to your landscape.

twenty three. Make sure the root ball is moist when planted, and add berms to channel water through the root ball.

twenty four. Winter to spring is our dry season; renew the mulch to conserve moisture.

25. The leaves fall from trees and shrubs; use as mulch or add to compost piles.

26. January is a great time to start your annual tree and shrub pruning.

27. Trim dead or decaying parts of trees and shrubs.

28. Schedule major tree pruning now to prepare for severe weather in 2023.

29. Crape myrtle beauty can be started this month; only the seed heads and small branches are removed.

30. Remove dead leaves and old seed heads from palms, but keep good green leaves.

31. Keep actively growing plants moist to keep them green and attractive.

32. For deep-rooted plants, weekly watering or less is usually sufficient.

33。 Replant decaying flower beds and pots with hardy cool-season options.

34. Container gardens are a great way to enjoy plants in the landscape.

35. Add colorful hanging baskets where they are easy to see.

36. If growing is needed, feed container gardens weekly; ground annual plantings monthly.

37. Beautify the landscaping by finishing beds and walkways.

38. Divide and replant perennials.

39. Learn which plants need winter protection; many benefit from the cold.

40. Only protect cold-sensitive plants from frost and freeze.

41. A thick fabric cover fastened to the ground is the best protection from the cold.

42. When cold is expected, move frost and freeze-sensitive container plants to a warmer location.

43. Turn off the automatic irrigation system in cold weather.

44. Install micro sprinklers to conserve water and only use it where it is needed.

45. Collect and store rainwater for container and landscape planting.

46. Reduce landscape maintenance by planting fewer annuals and more perennials.

47. Embellish hanging baskets and pots by removing old flowers and slender stems.

48. Protects orchids and tropical foliage plants from temperatures below 45 degrees.

49. Test the soil acidity for rhododendron, agave, and agave plantings, and adjust if needed.

50. Turn your Christmas tree into a wildlife feeder or landscape mulch.

51. Now is the time to dig up and move trees and shrubs from one area of ​​the landscape to another.

52. Repair garden equipment.

53. Place birdhouses, feeders, and baths in the landscape.

54. Add decorations to your landscape, including statues, gaze balls, or sundials.

55. Repair wooden benches and chairs.

56. Only one month left for cool-season planting; add seeds or transplants to the garden.

57. Grow potatoes with seed chips available at garden centers.

58. Feed winter vegetables and herbs every 3 to 4 weeks, or use a slow-release fertilizer.

59. Sow tomatoes, peppers and eggplants in early January for transplanting in March.

60. Prepare the spring planting site by adding plenty of organic matter to the sandy soil.

61. Encourage visits from pollinators by planting flower clusters among your vegetables.

62. Save on shipping; find seeds, bulbs, and transplants locally.

63. Store preserved seeds in an airtight container in the refrigerator until planting time.

64. Add bird-proof netting to strawberry plantings.

65. Caterpillars are a common cool-season pest; controlled by hand-picking or natural spraying.

66. Harvest herbs and grow new plants for a constant supply.

67. Prune apple, grape, peach, pear and fig plantings.

68. Plant hardy fruit trees, shrubs, and vines.

69. Blueberry production requires acidic soil; test the soil before planting.

70. Winter protection for certain crops may require cloth covers, loose hay, and boxes.

71。 Low maintenance cacti and succulents are ideal houseplants.

72. Christmas and similar cacti can be placed in bright rooms that filter out the morning sun.

73. Plants grown in large containers can often be divided to produce more for the home.

74. Care for existing plants at least weekly to prolong the life of existing plants.

75. Check foliage plants brought indoors from the landscape for pests.

76. Wash indoor foliage with a mild soap solution to remove dust and control pests.

77. Trim off yellow leaves and dead flower stalks.

78. Move decaying plants to higher light levels.

79. Aquatic plants when the soil is dry to the touch.

80. Move poinsettias and similar holiday plants to patios to enjoy on warmer days.

Tom MacCubbin is an emeritus urban gardener at the University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Write him: Orlando Sentinel, PO Box 2833, Orlando FL 32802. e-mail: TomMac1996@aol.com. Blogging with Tom OrlandoSentinel.com/tomdigs.