CARACAS — The National Assembly, chaired by the Venezuelan opposition Juan Guaido, opted to eliminate the figure of the Head of the Presidency of the Republic of Venezuelarecognized by more than 50 countries, including the United States, against the authoritarian government of Nicolás Maduro.
A total of 72 deputies from the National Assembly elected in 2015 adopted the motion in the second and last discussion, while 29 voted to maintain it. There were 8 abstentions.
Thus, the initiative, which was promoted by three of the main opposition political parties, Primero Justicia (PJ), Acción Democrática (AD) and Un Nuevo Tiempo (UNT), was adopted.
It was the second of two votes, in which the proposal required a simple majority.
The first took place on Thursday the 22nd. The project to end the “presidency in charge” then received the same 72 votes.
A member of the Voluntad Popular (VP) party, of the exiled leader Leopoldo López, Guaidó, the face of the opposition to the Nicolás Maduro regime before the international community, called out, during his speech, to defend the Constitution and the country above names and personal interests .
Guaidó warned, in a video published two days earlier, that the adoption of the motion would imply a “real risk of losing assets, lawsuits or even handing them over to the dictator”.
After the vote, the reactions did not wait.
Former deputy José Prat refused to vote for the elimination and warned that in his opinion it is politically inconvenient: “Giving the dictatorship a victory of this type… The possibility of opening the doors of recognition for Maduro is a big mistake.” .
Deputy Fredy Guevara spoke on his Twitter account, assuring that “there is no jurist who says that eliminating the Interim Act makes sense.”
He also expressed that “this is embarrassing”, and referred to the process as a “collective suicide”.
For his part, Deputy Juan Matheus said that “it is very important that it be known that we do need the Reform of the Statute. Secondly, it is not true that the Interim Government exists in the Constitution, it is not true that the Assembly has nothing to do with the Interim Government”.
On the subject, the Supreme Court of Justice in exile warned that “trying to replace the presidential figure with a parliamentary form of government violates what is established in article 233 of the Constitution, and what is expressed by this Court in the judgments and resolutions handed down in the Chamber Plenary, Constitutional and Electoral, previously indicated”.
The declaration of the Supreme Court of Justice indicates that “the recognition of the President of the Republic in Charge has been officially accepted by various democratic states, which have legitimized the representation of our country before multiple international institutions; therefore, eliminating the legal status of the Republic against the Treasury Office of the United States of America, among others; it would mean losing all the effort achieved before the international community, in addition to putting at risk the protection of the assets and other resources of all Venezuelans. The removal of the interim government would cause irreparable damage to the legitimate aspiration for freedom of the Nation”, warn the Supreme Court magistrates.
But the Supreme Court’s recommendations were ignored by a part of the opposition.
Deputy Richard Blanco told those who voted in favor of the elimination of the interim government that “you will be responsible and you will have to face the country when the trials are lost or the assets that were protected are lost. We, that remain Of course, we are going to ratify that we voted negatively”.
The opposition plans primaries in 2023 with a view to the next presidential elections, scheduled for 2024. Guaidó already sounds like a candidate.